Each time you visit a hospital, physician, dentist, or other healthcare provider, a record of your visit is made. Typically, this record contains your symptoms, examination and test results, diagnoses, treatment, and a plan for future care or treatment. This information, often referred to as your health or medical record, serves as a basis for planning your care and treatment and serves as a means of communication among the many health professionals who contribute to your care. Understanding what is in your record and how your health information is used helps you to ensure its accuracy; better understand who, what, when, where, and why others may access your health information; and helps you make more informed decisions when authorizing disclosure to others.


Unless otherwise required by law, your health record is the physical property of the healthcare practitioner or facility that compiled it. However, you have certain rights with respect to the information. You have the right to:

1. Receive a copy of this Notice of Privacy Practices from us upon enrollment or upon request.

2. Request restrictions on our uses and disclosures of your protected health information for treatment, payment and health care operations. However, we reserve the right not to agree to the requested restriction.

3. Request to receive communications of protected health information in confidence.

4. Inspect and obtain a copy of the protected health information contained in your medical and billing records and in any other practice records used by us to make decisions about you. A reasonable copying charge may apply.

5. Request an amendment to your protected health information. However, we may deny your request for an amendment, if we determine that the protected health information or record which is the subject of the request:

? was not created by us, unless you provide a reasonable basis to believe that the originator of the protected health information is no longer available to act on the requested amendment;

? is not part of your medical or billing records;

? is not available for inspection as set forth above; or

? is not accurate and complete.

In any event, any agreed-upon amendment will be included as an addition to, and not a replacement for, already existing records.

6. Receive an accounting of disclosures of protected health information made by us to individuals or entities other than you, except for disclosures:

? to carry out treatment, payment and healthcare operations as provided above;

? to persons involved in your care or for other notification purposes as provided by law;

? to correctional institutions or law enforcement officials as provided by law;

? for national security or intelligence purposes;

? that occurred prior to the date of compliance with privacy standards (April 14, 2003);

? that are incidental to other permissible uses or disclosures;

? that are part of a limited data set (does not contain protected health information that directly identifies individuals);

? that are made to the patient or his/her personal representatives;

? for which we have written authorization from the patient

7. Revoke your authorization to use or disclose health information except to the extent that: 1) we have already taken action that relies on your authorization, or 2) if the authorization was a precondition of securing insurance coverage, and other applicable law gives the insurer who obtained the authorization right to contest a claim under the policy.


This organization may use and/or disclose your medical information for the following purposes:

Treatment: We may use and disclose protected health information in the provision, coordination, or management of your health care, including consultations between healthcare providers regarding your care and referrals for health care from one healthcare provider to another.

Payment: We may use and disclose protected health information to obtain reimbursement for the health care provided to you, including determinations of eligibility and coverage and other utilization review activities.

Regular Healthcare Operations: We may use and disclose protected health information to support functions of our practice related to treatment and payment, such as quality assurance activities, case management, receiving and responding to patient complaints, physician reviews, compliance programs, audits, business planning, development, management and administrative activities.

Appointment Reminders: We may use and disclose protected health information in contacting you to provide appointment reminders.

Treatment Alternatives: We may use and disclose protected health information in telling you about or recommending possible treatment alternatives or other health-related benefits and services that may be of interest to you.

Health-Related Benefits and Services: We may use and disclose protected health information in telling you about health-related benefits, services, or medical education classes that may be of interest to you.

Individuals Involved in Your Care or Payment for Your Care: Unless you object, we may disclose your protected health information to your family or friends or any other individual identified by you when they are involved in your care or the payment for your care. We will only disclose the protected health information directly relevant to their involvement in your care or payment. We may also disclose your protected health information in notifying a person responsible for your care (or in identifying such a person) of your location, general condition or death.

Business Associates: There may be some services provided in our organization through contracts with business associates. Examples include physician services in the emergency department and radiology, certain laboratory tests, and a copy service we use when making copies of your health record. When these services are contracted, we may disclose some or all of your health information to our business associates so that they can perform the job we have asked them to do. To protect your health information, however, we require any such business associate to appropriately safeguard your information.

Organ and Tissue Donation: If you are an organ donor, we may release medical information to an organ donation bank or to organizations that handle organ procurement or organ/eye/tissue transplantation.

Worker's Compensation: We may release protected health information about you to programs that provide benefits for work-related injuries or illness.

Communicable Diseases: We may disclose protected health information to notify a person who may have been exposed to a disease or may be at risk for contracting or spreading a disease or condition.

Health Oversight Activities: We may disclose protected health information to federal or state agencies that oversee our activities.

Law Enforcement: We may disclose protected health information as required by law or in response to a valid judge-ordered subpoena. For example: in cases of victims of abuse or domestic violence; to identify or locate a suspect, fugitive, material witness, or missing person; when related to judicial or administrative proceedings; or when related to other law enforcement purposes.

Military and Veterans: If you are a member of the armed forces, we may release protected health information about you as required by military command authorities.

Lawsuits and Disputes: We may disclose protected health information about you in response to a court or administrative order. We may also disclose medical information about you in response to a subpoena, discovery request, or other lawful process.

Inmates: If you are an inmate of a correctional institution or under the custody of a law enforcement official, we may release protected health information about you either that institution or official. An inmate does not have the right to protections listed in the Notice of Privacy Practices.

Abuse or Neglect: We may disclose protected health information to notify the appropriate government authority if we believe a patient has been the victim of abuse, neglect or domestic violence. We will only make this disclosure if you agree or when required or authorized by law.

Coroners, Medical Examiners, and Funeral Directors: We may release protected health information to a coroner or medical examiner. This may be necessary to identify a deceased person or determine the cause of death. We may also release protected health information about patients to funeral directors as necessary to carry out their duties.

Public Health Risks: We may disclose your protected health information to a public health authority that is permitted by law to collect or receive the information for purposes such as controlling disease, injury or disability.

Serious Threats: As permitted by applicable law and standards of ethical conduct, we may use and disclose protected health information if we, in good faith, believe that the use or disclosure is necessary to prevent or lessen a serious and imminent threat to the health or safety of a person or the public.

Food and Drug Administration (FDA): As required by law, we may disclose to the FDA health information relative to adverse events with respect to food, supplements, product and product defects, or post-marketing surveillance information to enable product recalls, repairs, or replacement.

Research (inpatient): We may disclose information to researchers when an institutional review board that has reviewed the research proposal and established protocols to ensure the privacy of your health information has approved their research.


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